The thyroid gland is a very important gland that controls a number of vital bodily functions. It is often described as butterfly-shaped and located around the windpipe just below the Adam’s apple in the neck.
The pituitary gland, located between the eyes in the front of the brain, sends chemical signals to the thyroid, instructing it what to do or what and how much of the various hormones are needed for the rest of the body. The thyroid’s hormones control heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, the rate food is converted into energy, weight, absorption of calcium and is vital in the growth and development of children.
The thyroid utilizes iodine as one of the main ingredients in some of the important hormones it produces, which is why most table salt sold in stores is iodized.
Many people suffer from low thyroid production which in most cases makes the person tired and overweight. However, there are exceptions. My wife has had a low thyroid for many years and at first doctors ran blood tests twice to verify as at the time she stood about 5’10” and weighed 109 pounds.
In addition to the many cases of low thyroid, studies indicate that since 1975, the rate of thyroid cancer diagnosed has more than tripled. There are five basic types of thyroid cancer: